Before she could do so, they handcuffed her and forced her into a back office. John Lugo, a supervising officer, told the other officers to leave. When they did, he sexually assaulted her. Zilioli recalls Mr. Lugo saying, as he forced her to perform oral sex on him. Lugo was sentenced to five years in prison in after pleading guilty to a criminal sex act.
Mayor Bill de Blasio has made addressing income inequality the central mission of his public life. Early on, Mr.
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Since then, three officers have been fired, and 13 have resigned amid investigations. Six others were put on desk duty. Banks said it is difficult to substantiate allegations of abuse without body cameras. Banks said. Yet, settlements that indemnify the city from wrongdoing can make it difficult to discipline the officers involved. Banks said H. He added 73 hours of new training for officers, including training in de-escalation, and he directed security contractors to retrain guards.
The City Council passed bills requiring H. The spokeswoman declined to comment further. The Headley story, like the others, hints at the casual cruelty and humiliations to which people living in poverty are constantly subjected, simply for seeking government help. Moments before he was attacked and separated from his oxygen tank, Mr.
Purnell said he saw an officer throw water on a sleeping client during a long wait. A single hostile encounter at a welfare office can have life-altering consequences. On Jan. McDaniel, 30, said a group of five or six officers jumped on her when she took out her phone to record them roughing up her mother. Do they have the right to do this to us? The charges against Ms. McDaniel were dropped.
But it took months for her employer to clear her for duty as a home health aide, leaving her unable to work. In phone interviews, former and current H. The officers said they were unequipped to handle the daily chaos of hundreds of frustrated and often irate people who sometimes taunt, curse out or even assault staff members.
One H. A former H. Rastus, like Aunt Jemima, is more than a company trademark -- he is arguably a cultural icon. Rastus is marketed as a symbol of wholeness and stability.
The toothy, well-dressed black chef happily serves breakfast to a nation. In Cream of Wheat began advertising in national magazines. These advertisements were often reproduced as posters. Many of those advertisements are, by today's standards, racially insensitive. For example, a Cream of Wheat poster shows "Uncle Sam" looking at a picture of Rastus holding a bowl of the cereal. The caption reads "Well, You're Helping Some! A Cream of Wheat poster shows a young white boy sitting in a rickshaw that is being pulled by an elderly black man.
The man has stopped to smoke. The smiling boy, waving a whip-like stick, says, "Giddap, Uncle. In a advertisement, Rastus, smiling, his gums showing, holds a sign which reads:. Maybe Cream of Wheat aint got no vitamines. I dont know what them things is. If they's bugs they aint none in Cream of Wheat but she's sho' good to eat and cheap. In many African American communities "Uncle Tom" is a slur used to disparage a black person who is humiliatingly subservient or deferential to white people.
Derived from Stowe's character, the modern use is a perversion of her original portrayal. The contemporary use of the slur has two variations. Version A is the black person who is a docile, loyal, religious, contented servant who accommodates himself to a lowly status.
- Rachel Dolezal, white woman who posed as black, charged with welfare fraud.
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- Dating as a black woman is both a blessing and a curse.
Version B is the ambitious black person who subordinates himself in order to achieve a more favorable status within the dominant society. In both instances, the person is believed to overly identify with whites, in Version A because of fear, in Version B because of opportunism. This latter use is more common today. Its synonyms include "oreo," "sell-out," "uncle," "race-traitor," and "white man's negro. Garth Baker-Fletcher has said,. The "Uncle Tom" appellation is the feared curse of every African American who is compelled to work under whites, while simultaneously holding a position of authority over other African Americans.
Thus "Uncle Tom" can be pulled out by blacks as a superior ideological weapon to enforce patterns of racial unity against the perceived threats of a white boss. Black political conservatives, especially Republicans, are often labeled "Uncle Toms" or "Toms. Their motives are impugned. Black public figures who oppose affirmative action or busing are often accused of pleasing whites only to elevate themselves -- socially, politically, and economically.
They publicly say about race what conservative whites dare not say: crime and welfare are black phenomena, affirmative action is reverse discrimination, and white racism is not the cause of black problems. They wear the "Uncle Tom" label as a badge -- at least publicly.
To their opponents these men represent Version B Uncle Toms. Civil rights leaders of the s were called Uncle Toms by more militant blacks. Whitney Young, Executive Director of the Urban League from to , was a "radical integrationist. Roy Wilkins was called an "Uncle Tom" because he publicly stated that blacks could achieve political power "in the system. In the s Louis Armstrong was called an "Uncle Tom" by young bebop musicians.
Sports champions, especially those who publicly express conservative political views, run the risk of being labeled "Uncle Toms. He was vilified in the black community when he announced that he was a "Rockefeller Republican.
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His participation was seen as supporting apartheid. Muhammad Ali routinely berated his black opponents as "Uncle Toms. Patterson used these words to criticize Ali for becoming a Black Muslim:. Cassius Clay [Ali's former name] is disgracing himself and the Negro race.
No decent person can look up to a champion whose credo is "hate whites. The image of a Black Muslim as the world heavyweight champion disgraces the sport and the nation. Cassius Clay must be beaten and the Black Muslims' scourge removed from boxing. Goldberg, Ali not only called Patterson an "Uncle Tom" and "the technicolor white hope," but he predicted: "I'm gonna put him flat on his back, so that he will start acting Black; because when he was champ he didn't do as he should, he tried to force himself into an all-White neighborhood" Goldberg.
During the fight -- a one-sided bout -- Ali toyed with Patterson. Ali threw both punches and the slur, "white nigger.
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In February, , Ali's opponent was Ernie Terrell. At the pre-fight press conferences Terrell repeatedly called Ali by his given name: Cassius Clay. Ali promised to beat Terrell until he addressed him properly. He also used the slur against Joe Louis because of Louis' passive political stances. In recent years the "Uncle Tom" slur has been directed against Christopher Darden, the black member of the prosecution's team in the O. Cornell West, the author of Race Matters and a lifelong civil rights activist, was called an "Uncle Tom" by the African United Front because of his "support" of Jews.
The "Uncle Tom" slur has even been appropriated by other ethnic groups to exert in-group pressures on their members.
The Mis-Education of the Negro
A Native American, for example, who is believed to be too friendly with or admiring of whites, is called an "Uncle Tomahawk"; Chinese Americans use the term "Uncle Tong. DuBois, arguably the greatest, most sustained civil rights voice of the 20th Century, was called an "Uncle Tom" -- by Marcus Garvey, who added that DuBois was "purely and simply a white man's nigger" Williams, The romantic pairing of a black man with a white woman was still controversial in the s.
Indeed, it was not until , in Lovings v. Virginia , that the United States Supreme Court ruled laws which forbade interracial marriages to be unconstitutional.
Rastus appears in many anti-black jokes before the s. Terrell, a fine fighter, was the underdog.